Research Article: Sleep and Daytime Functioning: A Short-term Longitudinal Study of Three Preschool-age Comparison Groups
Thomas Anders, Ana-Maria Iosif, A. J. Schwichtenberg, Karen Tang, and Beth Goodlin-Jones (2012) Sleep and Daytime Functioning: A Short-term Longitudinal Study of Three Preschool-age Comparison Groups. American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities: July 2012, Vol. 117, No. 4, pp. 275-290.
This study examined sleep, sleepiness, and daytime performance in 68 children with autism, 57 children with intellectual disability (ID), and 69 typically developing preschool children. Children in the autism and ID groups had poorer daytime performance and behaviors than the typically developing children. Children in the ID group also were significantly sleepier than children in both the autism and typically developing groups. These significant differences persisted over 6 months. Actigraph-defined sleep behaviors and problems did not relate to daytime sleepiness or daytime performance and behaviors for the children with autism or the typically developing group. For the ID group, longer night awakenings and lower sleep efficiency predicted more daytime sleepiness. For each group, parent-report sleep problems were associated with more daytime sleepiness and more behavior problems.
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